Monthly Archives January 2015

Carbohydrates and Health

by Michael J Horan, MD, MPH, FACP Carbohydrates represent the single largest component of the human diet. Simply put, they are essential for our bodies to create the energy necessary to drive all our biochemical and physiological processes. But because carbohydrates are so ubiquitous, they oftentimes can become a double-edged sword. Overweight and obesity result much more from excess carbohydrates in our diet than they do from excess calories due to fats or proteins. So what to do to avoid becoming overweight or obese or to correct these problems? First, know that carbohydrates can be complex (e.g. grains, rice, pasta) or simple (e.g. sugar, fructose,
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Diabetes Digest: Medications that Promote Weight Loss in Type 2 Diabetes

by Gerti Tashko, M.D. Diabetes epidemic has reached unprecedented scale; about 9% of all Americans (30 million people) have diabetes, and the trend continues to rise. At the same time, it is estimated that 85 million individuals have prediabetes. These are staggering statistics with tremendous cost to patients and society. Ninety five percent of all patients have type 2 diabetes, which is due to excessive body weight, especially abdominal adiposity or fat. Unlike individuals with type 1 diabetes who have full insulin deficiency, type 2 diabetes patients produce plenty of insulin. But due to excess adiposity insulin does not work
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